Biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife



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Current policies can be found at the GOV. Our planet and its ecosystems supply us with all the natural resources we need to survive - essentials like clean air, water, food and fuel. Contact with nature is good for our physical and mental health. Biodiversity - the variety of life on earth - is declining, with up to a third of all animals threatened with extinction. Climate change is contributing to this decline, causing the diversity of bikdiversity to be lost at a faster rate than ever before.

In England, much of our biodiversity, including many of our birds, butterflies and plants, is declining. Our wildlife areas are too disjointed and fragmented, which makes it harder for wildlife to flourish and respond to climate change and other pressures, like pollution. All countries need to act to improve biodiversity and preserve natural ecosystems. Otherwise the natural environment, wildlife and human life as we know it are all at risk. We set out our goals for the natural environment in the UK in the Natural Environment White Paper We publish strateyy updates on our progress.

As part of this, we are working to help government and other organisations to take better account of the benefits we get from nature. We also published the UK National Ecosystem Assessmenta comprehensive study of the benefits nature provides to our society and economy, in Inwe consulted on the development of the natural environment white paper. There were over 15, responses.

This consultation helped us to develop the Biodiversity strategy. The Natural Englnds and Rural Communities Act requires all public bodies to consider biodiversity conservation when carrying out their functions. The National Planning Policy Framework NPPF sets out planning policies which local planning authorities should have regard to on biodiversity matters. Some habitats and species are protected under the Habitats Directive through the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations in England; the Birds Directivethrough the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulationsand the Wildlife sttrategy Countryside Act as amended.

The EU Wildlife Trade Regulations relate to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species CITES. The UK Control of Trade in Endangered Species Enforcement Regulations COTES creates offences in relation to the EU regulations. We rely on all englaands of organisations to help us conserve biodiversity and ecosystems. These range from nature conservation charities to farmers and other land managers, even individuals managing their gardens in a wildlife-friendly way.

Nature conservation charities such as the RSPBNational Trust and The Bodiversity Trusts strategyy an important role in helping wildlife and getting people involved in taking action for wildlife. We work biodiverzity Natural Englandthe Environment Agency and the Forestry Commission to improve habitats so that wildlife can thrive. The Royal Botanic Gardens at Etrategy provide us with scientific advice on international biodiversity issues.

Wildlife conservation NGOs share their expertise and views with us. Local Nature Partnerships LNPs are partnerships of a broad range of local organisations, businesses and people who aim to help bring about improvements in their local natural environment. Setting up LNPs was one of the commitments we made in the Natural Environment White Paper LNPs work strategically to help their local area manage the natural environment.

They aim to make sure that its value, and the value of the services it provides to the economy and the people who live there, is taken into account in local decisions, for example about planning and development. More about the role of LNPs. For more information, contact LNPs defra. Biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife review looked at how we can make it simpler for businesses to comply with the laws that protect certain habitats and wild bird species.

It found that the directives are largely working well but identified 28 measures in 4 broad areas where we can improve. As of Junetwenty-five of the twenty-eight measures have been biidiversity. Biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife report on the progress of the Habitats Directive Implementation Review gives more detail on progress with implementation of each measure.

Investing in infrastructure such as new transport links and electricity generation is vital for long-term, sustainable economic growth. The review recognised that the Directives can place unnecessary costs and burdens on infrastructure projects. We set up the Major Infrastructure and Environment Unit MIEU in April to reduce this risk. It is overseen by the Major Infrastructure and Habitats Group.

The unit helps organisations running projects understand and comply with issues relating to the directives before making formal planning applications. This includes overseeing the agreement of evidence plans between these and nature advisory bodies such as Natural England, to help NSIPs know what they need to do to comply with regulations. More about the role of the MIEU Biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife review found that the long and complicated guidance on the Stdategy can be hard to use and navigate.

It biodiveersity out measures to improve guidance, to make it easier for businesses and people to understand the requirements, and improve the consistency strafegy regulatory decisions. These include: We consulted on these measures in January and February Proposals for the future of wildlife guidance have been published on the Smarter Guidance website for comment.

We want to improve the quantity and quality of data on protected sites and species. This will help reduce delays and precaution in decision making that can stem from uncertainties and gaps in evidence, particularly in the seas. The Review established a Habitats and Wild Birds Directives — Marine Evidence Group to work on improving marine data and evidence relevant to development decisions. The Group has published a Report on the Work of the Habitats and Wild Birds Directives — Marine Evidence Groupwhich provides an update on the progress made up to March The review identified ways to improve the working relationship between developers and the statutory or regulatory authorities, and to ensure that problems are identified and addressed as early as possible.

A simple guide to delivering Biodiversity and a July progress update against the four strategic outcomes is available. We also measure our progress against the different areas of the Biodiversity strategy using a set of statistics, the Biodiversity indicatorswhich will be updated in October. These are large areas around 10 to 50, hectares that will be good for both wildlife and people. We want to see more NIAs established across the country in areas where local people think it would make eng,ands difference to wildlife.

We have published criteria to help local authorities, Local Nature Partnerships and other organisations identify NIAs local to them. This ensures that when a development damages nature and this damage cannot be avoided new, bigger or better nature sites will be created. In September we wlldlife a published a consultation paper which sets out proposals for biodiversity offsetting and how it might be introduced in England. It explores how biodiversity offsetting might operate, and seeks views on how we can ensure it delivers real benefits for the environment and the economy.

It is one of the pressures that can push animal and plant species closer to extinction. We help fund the UK National Wildlife Crime Unit. The unit assesses wildlife crime taking place and advises strwtegy about setting priorities for crimes. It provides advice and expertise for police and Border Force staff and is a focal point for wildlife crime inquiries around biodivesity world. They check that they are being complied with and takes action if they are not. In the UK, Partnership for Biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife Against Wildlife Crime PAW helps the organisations involved in enforcing wildlife law work together.

The UK is a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species CITES. CITES monitors and regulates international trade in plants, wildlkfe and products made from them to make sure that trade is sustainable. We take an active role in global negotiations to strengthen enforcement of CITES controls and to stop the illegal trade in wildlife. The UK also supports the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime ICCWC which gives co-ordinated support to the national wildlife law enforcement agencies by bringing together: To complement the enforcement work of CITES globally, the UK is also a member of the Coalition Against Wildlife Trafficking CAWTwhich aims to raise the political profile of illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products.

The UK Border Force is responsible for CITES enforcement at our borders and the police service, including the National Wildlife Crime Unit NWCUis responsible for CITES enforcement within the UK. We are committed to ending the illegal wildlife trade. The London Conference on the Illegal Wildlife Trade will be held on 13 February Control of CITES enforcement is implemented through the Control of Trade in Endangered Species Enforcement Regulations COTES.

The government is currently reviewing COTES to bring it up to date. Bodies contributing to this include the UK Border Force, Metropolitan Police, National Wildlife Crime Unit and the Home Office. Public consultation on the proposals is likely in Autumn and new legislation is expected to come into force during As well as COTESmany pieces of legislation help strahegy against wildlife crimes, including: Biodiversity loss is a global issue. All countries need to work together to prevent the main reasons srrategy biodiversity decline, including illegal hunting, illegal trade, and destruction of habitat.

We help countries to preserve their biodiversity directly, through funding and sharing expertise, and indirectly, through taking an active role in international negotiations to agree plans. The Convention on Biological Biodiversity CBD established in is the main international convention about: The latest conference of the CBD was in October The UK helped contribute to an agreement to double the amount of money going towards biodiversity in developing countries by CITES established in monitors and regulates international trade in plants and animals, and products made from them, to ensure that any trade that takes place is sustainable.

The Convention on Migratory Species CMS established in brings together groups of countries to protect migratory species that live in or pass through different countries during migration. Under the Convention on Migratory Species, a range of additional agreements wildlufe memoranda of understanding have been established to protect specific migratory species. The UK has signed up to a number of these where either mainland UK or its Overseas Territories are in range for migratory species. The UK is also signed up to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance established in In the UK, along with the other parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity CBDagreed to halt the loss of biodiversity by InConvention on Biological Diversity signatories agreed to increase global funding for biodiversity - including a doubling of money coming from international public and private sources by All countries must now implement the Aichi targets and produce national biodiversity action plans.

It proposes objectives biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife important areas, including: Biodiversity in the UK Overseas Territories is globally significant. They support unique ecosystems and a large number of rare and threatened species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. We need to protect biodiversity in the Overseas Territories, if we are going to meet our commitments under the Biodiversity target, and other international agreements.

We produced the UK Overseas Territories Biodiversity Strategy in More information, including guidance and application forms, is on the Darwin Initiative website. It is used in food, animal feed, soap and cosmetics, and to produce biodiesel. Unsustainable palm oil production is often linked to deforestation and peatland drainage. This has major impacts on biodiversity, climate change and also land rights for local people.

There is legislation to protect plants and animals from biodivrrsity. Protected wildliffe biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife often those which are rarest or most vulnerable to human activity. Many of our animals and plants are biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife under national law, which helps us meet the obligations of the Bern Convention. This aims to conserve and protect wild plants and animals and their natural habitats across Europe and parts of North Africa.

The UK is also biodiversity 2020 strategy englands wildlife up to the Bonn Conventionwhich aims to provide protection for endangered migratory species. These are identified by the EU Habitats Directive as the most seriously threatened in Europe, and include bats, great crested biodiversitty and otters.

In England and Wales and to a limited degree Scotland the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations protect these species from engllands forms of harm. They also protect them from being disturbed and protect the places in which they live. The Wildlife and Countryside Act provides similar protection for other animal and plant species that are rare in Great Britain, including red squirrels and water voles.

It also protects all wild birds in Great Britain, their eggs and active nests. Protection for all wild birds is required under the EU Wild Birds Directive. Northern Ireland has its own legislation. Some species are hunted or harvested, and need protection so that this is not done in an excessive or cruel way. These include game birdsbadgersseals and deer.

Animals are sometimes killed or taken for legitimate reasons. Methods of doing so, for example by using firearms, pesticides or spring traps, are regulated so that they are used effectively, humanely and safely. These restrictions can apply to specific species or in some cases all wild animals. All wild animals are also protected from unnecessary biodiiversity under the Animal Welfare Act and failure to provide needs, when they are the responsibility of a person; for engalnds when under their care or in a trap.

Wild mammals are also protected from acts of intentional cruelty under the Wild Mammals Protection Act Bees including solitary bees, bumble bees and honey bees and other pollinators such as hoverflies provide an important service by pollinating crops and wild plants. They are also valued for supporting biodiversity wlldlife ecosystem health. Pollinators also have an intrinsic cultural, aesthetic and social value that is appreciated by the public.

However, pollinators face many threats. The National Pollinator Strategy sets out the work we are doing to help them thrive. The strategy is accompanied by a supporting document which explains our plans in more detail and we have also published a report on the Status and Value of Pollinators which was produced by the Pollinators Expert Advisory Group. The law requires that populations of certain species are controlled.

Rabbits must be managed by occupiers of land, and rats and mice by local authorities. Occupiers may also be ordered shrategy control other species and plantsfor example injurious weeds. Licences can be applied for to allow an otherwise prohibited activity to address a specific problem, such as preserving public health and safety wildlide preventing serious damage to property, crops or livestock.

All wild birds are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act and the Wild Birds Directive. Goosanders, mergansers and, in particular, cormorants are species that can cause damage to fish stocks. In Julythe government completed a review of the current licensing regime for fish-eating birds cormorants, goosanders and red-breasted mergansers. Defra then established a project group to discuss how to take forward the recommendations of this review.

An Area-Based Management and Licensing trial will be run by Natural England in It is a 200 approach to managing predation by over-wintering cormorants. It will be available to all fisheries in England between September and April only and the existing licensing criteria must be met. You can apply for one of these new licences, or for one of the individual licences, from Natural England. The existing system of licensing cormorant control for individual fisheries will still be available to those who do not want to take part in the trial.

Three Fisheries Management Advisors will be available to fisheries across England from April They will help fisheries manage predation by fish-eating birds. They will also help in applying for the trial of Area-Based Management and Licensing for over-wintering cormorants. Inthe Defra -led project group will evaluate the success of both trials before Defra ministers makes decisions on how to proceed. It is important to deal with the effects of invasive non-native species to help protect our native wildlife.

This will contribute to the new EU strategy of halting biodiversity loss by We run ongoing programmes to eradicate these invasive species. The government is proposing to make new laws to control or to biodivrrsity non-native species. The proposals are contained in the Infrastructure Bill announced on 4 June The Non-native Species Secretariat NNSS co-ordinates the various organisations working to implement the strategy.

The Wildlife and Countryside Act includes the legislation about the release and escape of non-native species. The NNSS website spectrum live options trader more information on invasive non-native species and how to report sightings. We believe that well-managed zoos can play an important role in educating people about protecting wild animals and their habitats.

We appoint inspectors to check that zoos carry out this role, are safe places to visit and maintain high standards of animal welfare. Inspections in Great Britain are carried out under the Biodivetsity Licensing Act The act allows the government to set standards by which zoos are expected to be managed and inspectors use these standards forex sites best help them carry out inspections.

We also publish the Zoos Expert Committee Handbook which supplements the standards. The Zoos Expert Committee gives UK Ministers independent technical advice on zoo matters. Although government appoints inspectors, local authorities must arrange the inspections and issue zoo licences. We have published guidance on the Zoo Licensing Act to help local authorities carry out their duties.

Northern Ireland has its own zoo legislation: the Zoo Licensing Regulations Northern Ireland These include essential things like clean air, water and fuel. It also includes personal benefits such as improving our health and wellbeing. If we understand and value these benefits, and take ecosystems into account when we make decisions, that will help us protect the natural environment. Our aims are set out in the Natural Environment White Paper.

See our detailed guidance on ecosystems servicesincluding guidance on using an ecosystems approach and valuing ecosystem services. We have carried out a follow on phase to the groundbreaking UK National Ecosystem Assessment NEA. This was funded by Defrathe Welsh Government and 3 Research Councils and reported in June For example, a farmer might be paid by a water company to manage their land in a way which provides clean water. We have also published a Best Practice Guide to assist with the design and implementation of PES schemes.

They will also develop good practice and help us to understand the challenges to PES schemes. Defra funded eleven projects over two competitive rounds and have commissioned five projects as part of a third round. All of the first two rounds of projects reports are now published. More information about the pilots can be found at ekn. Defra has reviewed key findings and lessons learned from the PES pilot projects rounds 1 and 2.

We have established the Ecosystems Knowledge Network. This is a resource for anyone wanting to share knowledge or learn about the practical benefits of an ecosystems approach to both people and nature. This site provides resources that explain an ecosystems approach further and show what it means in practice. Other initiatives looking to value the benefits we get from nature include the Natural Capital Committee and the Ecosystems Markets Task Force.

The natural capital pages of the Office for National Statistics website provide an overview of natural capital accounting. They also provide reports on all the work completed to date on measuring natural capital. This includes the roadmap for further improvement up to and the experimental accounts by ONS published May These expand on existing approaches to estimate a monetary value for components of UK natural capital for the period to Open Government Licence All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.

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